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Welcome to TraVA, the database of gene expression profiles in plants based on RNA-seq analysis.


1. Anna Klepikova, Maria Logacheva, Sergey Dmitriev and Aleksey Penin RNA-seq analysis of an apical meristem time series reveals a critical point in Arabidopsis thaliana flower initiation. BMC Genomics 2015 16:466



Floral transition is a critical event in the life cycle of a flowering plant as it determines its reproductive success. Despite extensive studies of specific genes that regulate this process, the global changes in transcript expression profiles at the point when a vegetative meristem transitions into an inflorescence have not been reported. We analyzed gene expression during Arabidopsis thaliana meristem development under long day conditions from day 7 to 16 after germination in one-day increments.


The dynamics of the expression of the main flowering regulators was consistent with previous reports: notably, the expression of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) decreased over the course of the time series while expression of LEAFY (LFY) increased. This analysis revealed a developmental time point between 10 and 12 days after germination where FLC expression had decreased but LFY expression had not yet increased, which was characterized by a peak in the number of differentially expressed genes. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis of these genes identified an overrepresentation of genes related to the cell cycle.


We discovered an unprecedented burst of differential expression of cell cycle related genes at one particular point during transition to flowering. We suggest that acceleration of rate of the divisions and partial cell cycling synchronization takes place at this point.

2. Anna Klepikova, Artem Kasianov, Evgeny Gerasimov, Maria Logacheva and Aleksey Penin A High Resolution Map of the Arabidopsis thaliana Developmental Transcriptome Based on RNA-seq Profiling.


Arabidopsis thaliana is a long established model species for plant molecular biology, genetics and genomics, and studies of A.thaliana gene function provide the basis for formulating hypotheses and designing experiments involving other plants, including economically important species. A comprehensive understanding of the A.thaliana genome and a detailed and accurate understanding of the expression of its associated genes is therefore of great importance for both fundamental research and practical applications. Such goal is reliant on the development of new genetic and genomic resources, involving new methods of data acquisition and analysis. We present here the genome-wide analysis of A.thaliana gene expression profiles across different organs and developmental stages using high-throughput transcriptome sequencing. The expression of 25,706 protein-coding genes, as well as their stability and their spatiotemporal specificity, was assessed in 79 organs and developmental stages. A search for alternative splicing events identified 37,873 previously unreported splice junctions, approximately 30% of occurred in intergenic regions. These potentially represent novel spliced genes that are not included in the TAIR10 database. These data are housed in an open-access web-based database, TraVA (Transcriptome Variation Analysis,, which allows visualization and analysis of gene expression profiles and differential gene expression between organs and developmental stages.

3. Artem S. Kasianov, Anna V. Klepikova, Ivan V. Kulakovskiy, Evgeny S. Gerasimov, Anna V. Fedotova, Elizaveta G. Besedina, Alexey S. Kondrashov, Maria D. Logacheva and Aleksey A. Penin High quality genome assembly of Capsella bursa-pastoris reveals asymmetry of regulatory elements at early stages of polyploid genome evolution.


Polyploidization and subsequent sub- and neofunctionalization of duplicated genes represent a major mechanism of plant genome evolution. Capsella bursa-pastoris, a widespread ruderal plant, is a recent allotetraploid, and, thus, is an ideal model organism for studying early changes following polyploidization. We constructed a high-quality assembly of C. bursa-pastoris genome and a transcriptome atlas covering a broad sample of organs and developmental stages (available online). We demonstrate that expression of homeologs is mostly symmetric between subgenomes and identify a set of homeolog pairs with discordant expression. Comparison of promoters within such pairs revealed emerging asymmetry of regulatory elements. Among them there are multiple binding sites for transcription factors controlling the regulation of photosynthesis and plant development by light (PIF3, HY5) and cold stress response (CBF). These results suggest that polyploidization in C. bursa-pastoris enhanced its plasticity of response to light and temperature and allowed substantial expansion of its distribution range.